What Is Adrenaline

Every day more people need their dose of adrenaline to break the monotony. If you seek the feeling of pleasure that comes from the release of adrenaline, we recommend sports and activities that allow you to push your limits.

All people generate adrenaline in their daily activities, although most of these discharges have a minimal dose that has no effect. However, some people aim for higher production in various activities, which brings a great feeling of well-being.

For this reason, they watch horror movies, enjoy the most dangerous attractions in amusement parks, or even perform dangerous and non-recommended actions, such as driving at high speed or running through forbidden places. At the same time, other people focus on extreme sports. These are the ones that trigger the release of this hormone.

What is adrenaline?

If you’ve ever seen a show or movie about going to the hospital via the emergency room, you may have heard a doctor ask for an injection of adrenaline. That’s the technical name for epinephrine.

This hormone and neurotransmitter, which belongs to the group of catecholamines, is produced in the adrenal glands and released mainly in times of stress, danger, and excitement, which is why it promotes the activation of the body and helps the body with a physical and psychological level to be alert in any situation.

For this reason, adrenaline can be considered a means of survival in times of danger or stress. In these situations, the hypothalamus commands the release of epinephrine to the glands, which immediately respond by delivering the epinephrine into the bloodstream, which distributes it throughout the body and produces various effects that together lead to what is colloquially known as an “adrenaline rush.”

Epinephrine is used as a drug in the form of an injection, either intramuscularly or subcutaneously. It has several uses: in anaphylactic shock, cardiac arrest to stimulate the heart and circulation, or as an adjuvant to anesthesia because it prolongs its effects.

Effects of adrenaline on the body

The release of adrenaline positively affects the body as long as it is not administered in excess, which is why many people consciously use it in their sports activities.

The main effects of adrenaline on the body are the following:

  • Increased heart rate. This allows more oxygen to reach the muscles, so you are in better shape to work harder.
  • Breakdown of glycogen. This is the stored energy in case the organism needs an extra effort that lasts longer than a minute.
  • Increases the capacity of the respiratory system by immediately relaxing the bronchi, allowing more air to enter.
  • The respiratory rate accelerates. In this way, the blood mobilizes more oxygen and excretes more carbon dioxide.
  • The pupils dilate. The pupils dilate to take in more light, which briefly increases vision and helps perceive environmental stimuli more quickly.
  • It dilates blood vessels directly connected to vital organs to improve their performance in these situations. In turn, it dilates the thinner peripheral vessels to prevent them from rupturing. This leads to an increase in blood pressure.
  • It facilitates the exchange of information between nerve cells because it is a neurotransmitter.
  • It evokes sensations based on chemical reactions in the body similar to those of orgasm.
  • It helps fight depression because the release of adrenaline stimulates dopamine production, which increases psychological well-being. It produces states of euphoria.

The dangers of excess adrenaline

However, an excess of adrenaline has unpleasant consequences for the body. Some of them are high blood pressure, chronic stress, headaches, anxiety, nausea, dizziness, insomnia, temporary visual disturbances, irritability, heart problems when adrenaline levels remain high for a long time, and increased blood sugar levels.

One of the main problems of adrenaline is the risk of addiction to its highs, which can even lead to the so-called Pontius syndrome, which causes an altered perception of danger that leads to it being considered normal activities. Many risky situations, even to one’s own life.

How adrenaline affects sports?

Adrenaline is an innate stimulant that helps improve athletic qualities at different levels and times. In activities or sports that require rapid execution of movements, such as boxing, table tennis, or judo, the release of adrenaline is beneficial because the increased reaction time allows for faster achievement of goals. Movements that must be performed at all times thus become optimal athletic performance.

In addition, the expansion of the respiratory system allows for improvement in situations where immediate muscular strength is required, such as sprinting or lifting a greater weight than the body is accustomed to.

10 Extreme Sports For Adrenaline Junkies

Adrenaline is a hormone that activates the body and, at the time of release, causes an incredible feeling of vivacity and courage and a greater willingness to deal with risky situations. The riskier the action, the more adrenaline is released, resulting in great pleasure that can feel like an irrational need.

For example, many extreme athletes confirm that they release large amounts of adrenaline over a long time when skydiving, with the feeling of an orgasm lasting only a few minutes.

Many activities that are not specifically athletic produce high doses of adrenaline, but extreme sports release the most adrenaline.

Sports that release the most of this hormone include:

1. Skydiving

This involves jumping out of an airplane and dropping into the void long before opening the parachute and landing on solid ground. During the fall, you feel a constant adrenaline rush that lasts for about a minute.

2. Base Jumping

This is skydiving but without the jump from an airplane and the top of a skyscraper or a mountain. In these cases, you can jump and land or fly like a bird with special suits to glide at high speed. This is the most dangerous extreme sport due to the low ground clearance and high flight speed.

3. Mountaineering

Climbing high mountains on trails perfectly prepared for this purpose does not release adrenaline. It is released only when you understand that there are real difficulties to overcome, such as big bumps, high-altitude passes, and the possibility of avalanches.

4. Climbing or integral climbing

Vertical climbing is another sport where adrenaline is released, mainly due to the risk of falling. For this reason, the adrenaline release is much higher in integral climbing, where you do not climb without a rope.

5. Heliskiing

In this activity, you start from a helicopter very close to the mountain, and from there, you start skiing or snowboarding. The main risks that drive up the adrenaline are falls during the jump, possible impacts during jumps in steep terrain, and the possibility of avalanches due to the air currents generated by the helicopter.

6. Street luge

This involves dropping downhill on a board with skateboard-like but larger wheels, reaching increasingly higher speeds (up to 120 km/h). The adrenaline rush is enhanced by the risk of colliding with the surrounding elements or with a car.

7. Rafting

A sport in which one travels in a canoe or raft through turbulent waters. It is usually done in groups, and the fear of falling while moving so much provides the adrenaline rush. For the very daring, there are also individual descents in whitewater.

8. Bungee jumpingĀ 

Bungee jumping is the quintessential adrenaline rush. Although the duration is very short, the release of this hormone is very high during the fall into the void. The height of the jump and the environment in which it is performed can add to this indescribable feeling.

9. Snowboarding

The fast descents, the tricks, the jumps. This winter sport offers an incentive to release the activation hormone and feel free while surfing in the snow.

10. Slacklining

It is one of the cheapest extreme sports because all you need to buy is a slackline (ribbon), which is attached to two points and over which you walk while keeping your balance. The higher the rope, the more adrenaline the body will feel.